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Hazardous Waste Variations by State

​​​​​​​​​Complying with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act's (RCRA) hazardous waste requirements requires retailers to understand the federal requirements as well as the variations in state requirements. The compliance matrix provides an overview of key hazardous waste regulatory variations to help retailers identify certain state requirements and how they differ from the federal requirements.

EPA Universal Waste State-Specific Information     

The overview provided in this table is for informational pu​rposes only. Because of the summary nature of the table, it cannot capture all the nuances of the relevant regulations.​ It may therefore be important to consult the regulations directly and/or to seek legal advice on particular issues as they may arise.

Click for a map outlining state variations from the federal RCRA rules


Gray: Not authorized for RCRA. Federal rules apply

Blue: Same as federal rules

Orange: Minor variation from federal rules

Green: Considerable additional requirements

Click for a map outlining variations in the definitions of hazardous waste characteristics
RCRA Haz Waste Characteristics.PNG

Green: Characteristics are identical to federal rules or contain only minor modifications

Blue: State has additional characteristics

Date Matrix Updated June 2017

Overview of Key Hazardous Waste Regulatory Variations​


[1] This column summarizes key variations in state hazardous waste characteristics.  For these purposes, we have not highlighted variations that are generally expected not to be material (although they might be in some instances), such as differences in the test methods for determining ignitability, the definitions of ignitable gases and oxidizers, or the description of explosive wastes that are deemed to be reactive.  For the states with additional characteristics, we provide only a general overview of such characteristics.  This column covers hazardous characteristics only and does not reflect whether a state has additional listings of hazardous wastes in addition to the federally listed hazardous wastes (e.g., P and U lists).
[2] This column summarizes key variations in state requirements for VSQG/CESQG or their state equivalents. For these purposes, we have not highlighted differences that are generally expected not to be material or relevant, such as provisions concerning on-site treatment or whether laboratory clean-out wastes must be counted towards the generator limits.
[3] This column lists the types of wastes that may be managed as universal wastes in each jurisdiction. The relevant regulations provide details that further define these types and may, in some cases, limit their scope.  Moreover, this table does not cover the requirements for managing universal wastes (e.g., storage), which may vary both from the federal requirements and across the covered jurisdictions.
[4] In this column and throughout this table, links to currently applicable regulations have been provided for convenience. Over time, regulations may be amended, so it is important to consult the most recent version of the regulations that may apply.
Last Update: 4/17/2019 12:22:53 PM